EthiopiaThe Perfect Holiday
Facts about Ethiopia or just mere trivia on the country are a pleasure and sometimes even amazing to read about. Who knew? Ethiopia is the only African country with its own alphabet. Ethiopia is the only country in the world with 13 months. In Ethiopia time is counted on the opposite side of the clock: 6 o’clock is said to be 12 o’clock, and at 16:00 Ethiopians say it is ’10 o’clock’. Ethiopia is in the northeast African region known as the Horn of Africa. It is the second-most populous nation in Africa (after Nigeria), bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south, and Sudan and South Sudan to the west.
And its capital Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa was founded in 1886, when Emperor Menelik II's consort, Queen Taytu, asked her husband for a piece of land on which to build a house at the foothills of the Entoto mountains, where Menelik had his camp. The fertile area was the site of hot springs, to which the queen and many of the courtiers spent much of their time travelling. Menelik agreed. In the same year Queen Taytu gave the settlement its name: Addis Ababa, literally meaning 'New Flower' in Amharic. For several years Menelik and his counties divided their time between Entoto and the new settlement, but by around 1891 Addis Ababa had definitely become the more important of the two, emerging as the unquestioned capital of the realm. Dominated by the 3,000-metre (9,840-foot) high Entoto mountains immediately to the north, Addis Ababa is Ethiopia's largest city. Covering 250 square kilometres (97 square miles), the city rambles pleasantly across many wooded hillsides and gullies cut through with fast-flowing streams. Despite its proximity to the Equator, its lofty altitude - the third-highest capital in the world - means that it enjoys a mild, Afro-alpine climate.